The experimental research method is probably the most innovative among other methods of research. There is a range of approaches to the process. The most common are the methods of qualitative and quantitative approaches. However, it is hard to bring innovation using these traditional procedures.
Adding a case study, as the new ones surfacing all the time brings a zest for research. Just like a survey performed with due scientific structure.
The primary goal of modern and meaningful research has to include non-traditional approaches that will disrupt the natural order of things or show them in a different light.
The experimental method of research is a way to go to present an up-to-date study or to show the best of your intelligence and inquisitive mind.
Experimental Research Method Definition: Focusing on Variables
The experimental research method definition has several variants. First, it is a well-organized and scholar approach with the scientist operating one or more variables, controlling and measuring the change of the dependent variables. Second, it’s an experiment where the researcher manipulates one factor and randomizes the rest of the variables.
Of course, when we speak about what is an experimental research method, we still have to stay within the framework of science. Though it’s a true experiment, there has to be a control group and the test has to take only one factor at a time.
The research is conducted in the following steps:
- Stating the thesis;
- Finding proper sources;
- Developing a hypothesis and deducting the consequence;
- Designing the experiment;
- Performing an experiment;
- Systematizing the data and presenting it;
- Sharing the results.
The experimental study relies not only on testing the effect (or its absence) but also on creating an experimental framework to carry out the test.
Experimental Method of Research Advantages and Disadvantages
Just like any other approach, there are both: positive and negative sides of the experimentation research method that occurs in the course of study. That is why it is important to rely on several methods of acquiring data to bring stronger results.
- The researcher has full control. Apparently, you have isolated the factors, and you are the one to
trace the ways they are codependent. Or not. By having the capacity to seclude particular factors,
it is easy to decide whether a potential result is reasonable.
You become aware of the final result and its legitimacy in the rather early stages of the trial. You already know if the thesis or an idea is valid when you conceive the very first conclusions. A major benefit in a capacity to discover specific outcomes.
- There is no restriction to the topic or industry. The experimentation research method isn't
restricted to a particular industry or kind of thesis. It can be applied to trial different
scientific circumstances. Educators may turn to the experimental approach to decide whether new
educational modules and instructing are superior to traditional study curriculum. Experiments in the
design boost creativity and test modern digital architecture.
Psychology, pharmaceutics, and biology have been using trials for an extended period coming up with breakthroughs.
- The trial can be copied. It’s a positive side since any scholar can copy the method. Transparent description of initial trial allows others to prove the hypothesis again. Further improving the circumstances and manipulation of the factors, in the same way, can advance the results.
- Trial defines cause and effect. The manipulation of factors involves witnessing connections between circumstances and end results that the subject, hypothesis, or idea can deliver. It is a procedure, which enables scientists to dive further into what is conceivable, indicating how the different variable connections can give particular advantages. Consequently, a more noteworthy comprehension of the specifics inside the trial can be seen, regardless of the nature of such cause and effect in the first place.
A disadvantage or limitation of the experimental research method is biased results due to human error or any pressure or negative circumstances.
Other drawbacks include consuming much time, unrealistic circumstances to the experiment, issues with controlling factors such as ethical, practical or simply inability to control. Response to manipulating factors may pose complications when measuring.
Sometimes, the issue is logical and lays within the method itself – is it always objective to manipulate factors? At this point, a scholar has to foresee what research methods are applied within the framework and specifics of the research.
Draw a shortlist of the experimental method of research advantages and disadvantages in 2 columns to see if it is worthwhile to use it in your research.
Quasi-Experimental Research Method: What Is The Feature?
First, we have to define the word quasi, which can be rendered as “seemingly.” To define a quasi-experimental research method, this means that it mimics the experiment but initially does not meet the criteria to be defined as such.
The main difference is that the dependent variables operated are not defined prior to research, unlike the experimental method. Also, quasi-experimental method excludes random selection of the participants.
Generally, this method is applied in the field circumstance where one or more factors of research are missing making it impossible to apply more traditional methods of the research. Of course, quasi-experimental method affects the result and questions their relevance.